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Sustainable Biodiversity Fund

Protecting Earth’s Biodiversity

How to Apply

Eligibility:

  • Cornell graduate students and postdoctoral researchers from all disciplines

The 2021 cycle is closed:

The Sustainable Biodiversity Fund supports innovative research on the most pressing questions in protecting biodiversity. Cornell graduate students and postdoctoral researchers from all disciplines are encouraged to apply to pursue interdisciplinary projects that will help preserve biodiversity and its global ecosystem services, natural pest control on farms, and four billion years of irreplaceable evolutionary history.

Sustainable Biodiversity Fund researchers are valuable mentors for undergraduates. If you are interested in finding undergraduates to assist on your project, or you are an undergraduate who is interested in gaining research experience in biodiversity, please contact Alison Power.

 

Recipients

  • 2021  

    Vivianna Sanchez

    Twelve SBF recipients from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Global Development, Integrative Plant Science, and Microbiology

    Beatriz Aguirre (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)

    Beatriz Aguirre

    Beatriz Aguirre is a Ph.D. student in Alison Power’s lab in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. She is interested in understanding how biodiversity may reduce the prevalence of disease in ecological communities. The SBF grant will enable Beatriz to study how functional diversity and grass types may be contributing to the dilution of virus prevalence in plant communities. Understanding how diversity contributes to this dilution effect of plant viruses will further our understanding of the biodiversity-disease relationship and will allow us to gain knowledge on how to mitigate disease and preserve ecosystem function.


    Emily Baker (Global Development)

    Emily Baker

    Emily Baker is a PhD student in Rachel Bezner Kerr's lab in the Department of Global Development. She is interested in linking multi-scalar socio-environmental change with the knowledge systems and socio-cultural dynamics that shape in situ conservation of agricultural biodiversity. Her SBF research will focus on determining the ways that protracted conflict and climate change affect gendered knowledge; farm management practices; and agrobiodiversity in agroforestry, home gardens, and wildcrafted areas in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo and western Uganda. Emily is particularly interested in participatory approaches that center local knowledge and priorities to inform policy and community decision-making for biodiversity conservation, food security, and adaptation strategies.


    Ethan Bass (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)

    Ethan Bass

    Ethan Bass is a plant chemical ecologist and PhD candidate working in Andre Kessler's lab in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. His research focuses on chemical interactions in the root-zone and their role in shaping the composition of microbial and especially plant communities. Funding from SBF will be used to investigate the effects of soil microbes on plant competition in Northeastern old-field communities and how community context affects the strength of these "plant-soil feedbacks." This project aims to improve our understanding of the basic mechanisms underlying plant species coexistence, with applications to the conservation and restoration of biodiversity as well as invasive species management.


    Michael Cary (Global Development)

    Michael Cary

    Michael Cary is a Ph.D. student in Dr. Wendy Wolford’s lab in the Department of Global Development. His research examines the political and cultural dimensions of food, agriculture, and conservation in Latin America, focusing on the socio-ecological dynamics of land use change in the Bolivian lowlands. With SBF funding, Michael will explore the links between anthropogenic forest fires, land tenure security, and agrarian frontier expansion in Bolivia’s Chiquitano dry forest.


    Liang Cheng (School of Integrative Plant Science)

    Liang Cheng

    Liang Cheng is a Ph.D. candidate in Jenny Kao-Kniffin's lab in the School of Integrative Plant Science. His dissertation focuses on negative plant growth responses mediated by soil microbiome and natural product discovery. Liang's preliminary data suggested the growth response of the native ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.) to soil inoculations from conventional and organic farms differed significantly. With the SBF funding, he will investigate the role of soil microbial diversity and root exudates in regulating the contrasting negative growth responses. This study will help understand the role of root exudates in contributing to negative plant growth and how microbial diversity could mediate the plant-soil feedback responses. The information could also provide novel insight into the development of unconventional integrated weed management strategies.


    Ethan Duvall (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)

    Ethan Duvall

    Ethan Duvall is a PhD student in Alex Flecker’s lab in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. He is studying avian ecology with interests in ecological stoichiometry and nutrient cycling. His research links bird biology with ecosystem functioning and biogeochemistry to understand the extent that birds influence biogeochemical cycles at various scales. SBF funding will allow Ethan to quantify the global nutrient dispersal and recycling services provided by birds and the potential consequences of bird biodiversity loss on ecosystem functions such as primary productivity.


    Wendy Erb (Cornell Lab of Ornithology)

    Wendy Erb

    Wendy Erb is a postdoctoral researcher in the Center for Conservation Bioacoustics at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology. She is researching human-environment interactions in East Kalimantan, at the site of a historic climate-based migration. Indonesia is transitioning its sinking, flood-prone capital from densely-populated Java to forest-rich Borneo, where corporations and indigenous and migrant communities practice diverse land uses amidst critical climate-mitigating, endangered species habitats. With multidisciplinary collaborators and community partners, our international team will take a community-to-landscape-level approach to: 1) capture communities’ place-based knowledge and perceptions of the migration’s impact, 2) map biodiversity and soundscapes across the planned city location and surrounding landscape, and 3) develop community-led social-ecological monitoring programs that integrate soundscapes and place-based knowledge. Through Indonesian partners, we will share results with planning agencies to advise policy on how to minimize detrimental ecological and social impacts and advance the goal of developing a sustainable “forest city.”


    Adriana Hernandez (School of Integrative Plant Science)

    Adriana Hernandez

    Adriana I. Hernandez is a Ph.D. Candidate in Chelsea Specht’s lab in the Plant Biology Section of the School of Integrative Plant Science. As an integrative evolutionary biologist, she investigates fundamental principles at the intersection of population genetics, evolutionary history, landscape, and ecology. She is leveraging a California endemic lily, Calochortus venustus, that exhibits highly polymorphic floral forms and variation in the degree of polymorphism across populations to identify mechanisms of adaptive diversification at subpopulation and metapopulation scales. The SBF will be used to identify the ecological mechanisms and functional traits that maintain striking phenotypic diversity and to establish a baseline of ecological data for this hypervariable species. Adriana will test across hypotheses of pollinator preference and constancy, floral phenology, and a heterogeneous landscape of physical environmental variables that could underlie floral diversity and drive local adaptation.


    Sabrina McNew (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and Cornell Lab of Ornithology)

    Sabrina McNew

    Sabrina McNew is a Rose Postdoctoral Fellow working with Irby Lovette and Maren Vitousek in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and Lab of Ornithology. She studies the effects of introduced parasites and pathogens on birds in the Galápagos Islands. Sabrina’s research integrates field experiments, cutting-edge genomics, and community education to understand and mitigate emerging threats to endemic island birds. Her current focus is on how avian pox virus affects gene expression in two species of Darwin’s finches. Funding from the SBF will allow her to investigate whether conserved genetic differences between species underlie their different responses to infection. The results from this project will help explain why some species are more susceptible to emerging diseases than others in the same community.


    Jasmine Star Peters (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)

    Jasmine Peters

    Jasmine S. Peters is a PhD student in Dr. Alison Power’s lab in the Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology. Jasmine's work integrates applied ecological and social science methods. Her research explores the intersection of plant community and disease ecology, ecological restoration, and stewardship practices in coupled human-natural systems. The SBF award will support Jasmine’s research into how prescribed burns may influence viral plant pathogen prevalence and plant community dynamics in restored and remnant eastern prairie grasslands.


    Jordan Rede (Microbiology)

    Jordan Rede

    Jordan Rede is a Ph.D. student in the Department of Microbiology under Ian Hewson. He currently studies seagrass associated microbes and seeks to understand the relationship between microbial ecology, biogeochemical cycling, environmental stress, and seagrass health. With support from the Sustainable Biodiversity Fund, Jordan will use a combination of amplicon sequencing and metagenomics to monitor microbial communities associated with Zostera marina in a eutrophic environment. Jordan hypothesizes that increased phytoplankton productivity will create more favorable conditions for anaerobic bacteria that produce sulfide, a toxic gas that is linked to seagrass declines. Jordan hopes that his work will aid the formulation of restoration and management strategies for vulnerable seagrass populations.


    Vivianna Sanchez (Microbiology)

    Vivianna Sanchez

    Vivianna Sanchez is a Ph.D student in Tory Hendry’s lab in the Department of Microbiology. She is interested in the microbial ecology and evolution of Acinteobacter spp. in floral and pollinator environments. She is currently studying the functional capabilities of Acinetobacter spp. and their role in solitary bee pollen provisions. Support from the SBF will fund next-generation sequencing efforts to determine the diversity and functional capacity of bacteria present in local solitary bee pollen provisions. Understanding the bacterial structure and genomic composition in pollen provisions will help elucidate the presence and role of Acinetobacter spp. in solitary bee-associated environments. Genomic insight from the microbial community present in larval food sources could also suggest possible ecological roles floral microbes have on foraging pollinators, namely solitary bees.


  • 2020  

    Sudan Kariuki

    Twelve SBF recipients from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Entomology, Horticulture, Microbiology, and Natural Resources

    Lillian Aoki (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)

    Lillian Aoki

    Lillian Aoki is a postdoctoral researcher working in Drew Harvell’s lab in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. She is researching the drivers of ecosystem function, especially in the context of human activity and global change. Her focus is on seagrass meadows—underwater grasslands that are key biodiversity hotspots. With partners from seven other institutions, Lillian is investigating the environmental drivers of seagrass wasting disease, an infectious pathogen that can cause widespread declines in seagrass meadows. Funding from the SBF will enable her to experimentally test several management strategies for reducing wasting disease infections. The results will support efforts to minimize wasting disease outbreaks in both natural and restored seagrass meadows.


    Tyler Coverdale (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)

    Tyler Coverdale

    Tyler Coverdale is a Presidential Postdoctoral Fellow working with Anurag Agrawal in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. His research uses community ecology and evolutionary approaches to understand the diversity of plant defense strategies, from individual genes to entire plant communities. Funding from the SBF will allow Tyler to investigate how the extinction of large African herbivores—and their replacement with livestock—will affect the diversity of savanna plant communities. Tyler will use phylogenetic comparisons, large herbivore exclosures, and small-scale manipulative experiments to explore how physically defended plants respond to the loss of native browsers. Combined with his previous work in East Africa, this project seeks to understand how resilient plant communities are to dramatic changes in the diversity, abundance, and identity of large mammalian herbivores.


    Julie Davis (Entomology)

    Julie Davis

    Julie Davis is a PhD student in Dr. Jennifer Thaler’s lab in Entomology, interested in using basic ecological principals as a means to improve sustainable farming practices. Her SBF research examines how crop diversity mediates plant species interactions with beneficial and antagonistic insects. Specifically, she will identify mechanistic effects of tomatillo trait variation on crop resistance to herbivores, and evaluate how trait variation affects pollination services. This work will provide necessary information on traits and cultivars best suited for sustainable crop production, and exemplify the importance of crop biodiversity conservation.


    Anna DiPaola (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)

    Anna DiPaola

    Anna DiPaola is a Ph.D. student in Sunny Power’s lab in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. She is interested in how biodiversity in cropland and in fragments of natural habitat affect populations of agricultural insect pests and their natural enemies. Her research will focus on smallholder farms in Ethiopia affected by the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, an invasive moth pest which causes severe damage to maize in sub-Saharan Africa. SBF funding will allow her to examine how on-farm crop diversity and landscape composition relate to the diversity of the predator and parasitoid communities controlling the fall armyworm in southwestern Ethiopia. SBF funding will also allow her to work closely with Ethiopian farmers and with researchers at Addis Ababa and Jimma Universities.


    Sudan Kariuki (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)

    Sudan Kariuki

    Sudan Kariuki is a Ph.D. student in Jed Sparks’ lab in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. She is interested in using biogeochemistry to understand how plant and soil communities respond to human activity. Her SBF award will support a study on microclimatic factors required for native tree restoration in sacred dry tropical forests of coastal Kenya. Developing a deeper understanding of native trees’ microclimatic needs will help support ongoing propagation efforts and provide important foundational knowledge of the ecology of an understudied and threatened system. Learn more at sudankariuki.com.


    Shanthanu Krishna Kumar (Horticulture)

    Shanthanu Krishna Kumar

    Shanthanu Krishna Kumar is a Ph.D. student in the section of Horticulture, School of Integrative Plant Science, working with Gregory Peck. His goal is to enhance biodiversity in cider apple production, increasing the concentration of polyphenols, micronutrients more common in older cider apple cultivars, which are lower in newer apple varieties due to supply chain consolidation and changing consumer preference. With support from SBF, he plans to identify genetic markers for polyphenolic compounds which can be used in apple breeding programs to identify and utilize the polyphenolic diversity present in apples.


    Josephine Martell (Natural Resources)

    Josephine Martell

    Josephine Martell is Ph.D. student in Amanda Rodewald’s lab in the Department of Natural Resources studying how message framing can influence wildlife conservation-related policy and decision making. Her research examines how messages about biodiversity and conservation are received by key stakeholders. Through a national survey, this project will assess which biodiversity and conservation frames are most persuasive on public policy, advocacy, fundraising, and personal behavior change for conservation. This work is part of a bigger research project that will include follow-up interviews with federal legislators and staffers to test which messages effectively influence public policy decision making and political advocacy efforts.


    Hayley Schroeder (Entomology)

    Hayley Schroeder

    Hayley Schroeder is a Ph.D. student in Katja Poveda's lab in the Department of Entomology. She is investigating if landscape-mediated changes in insect diversity and abundance alter selection on plant traits associated with defense and reproduction in wild plants growing in farming ecosystems. Landscape simplification is currently one of the greatest threats to biodiversity worldwide, transforming ecosystems and the communities within them. With the SBF grant, Hayley will use a landscape simplification gradient as a framework to study the importance of insect biodiversity for plant fitness and as an agent of selection for plant traits. This study will show if plants are able to adapt to low diversity landscapes and even predict how plant functional diversity will shift in the future.


    Melanie Smee (Microbiology)

    Melanie Smee

    Melanie Smee is a postdoctoral associate in Tory Hendry’s lab in the Department of Microbiology. She is interested in how plant-insect-microbe interactions affect biodiversity conservation and impact sustainable agriculture. Her research is interdisciplinary, using methods drawn from ecology, evolution, entomology, genomics, and microbiology to break down big questions into smaller building blocks. Her current work focuses on how growth of the common bacterial plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae on plant surfaces kill aphids, a significant agricultural pest. Funding from the SBF will allow Melanie to delve deeper into community-level interactions on plant surfaces. With the help of an undergraduate summer intern, she will develop a synthetic community of bacterial strains found on crops and investigate how their interactions with pathogens affect other insect pests. Ultimately, this research will help inform sustainable strategies for pest management.


    Jenny Uehling (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)

    Jenny Uehling

    Jenny Uehling is a Ph.D. candidate in Maren Vitousek's lab in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. A behavioral ecologist, she studies bird movement, foraging ecology, and stress physiology. Currently, she is focusing on tree swallows, aerial insectivores that nest in human-provided nest boxes. Tree swallows, along with other aerial insectivores, are declining in North America. With support from the SBF, Jenny will determine how tree swallow nestlings' diets vary across a gradient of agricultural intensities and habitat types and explore how the types of insects in nestling diets relate to their condition and survival. She will also explore how aerial insect abundance and diversity differs across sites. This work will shed light on possible reasons behind the decline of aerial insectivores and will characterize how land use affects insect diversity. In turn, this will identify possible priorities for habitat conservation to protect both aerial insectivores and their insect prey.


    Marisol Valverde (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)

    Marisol Valverde

    Marisol Valverde is a Ph.D. student in Alex Flecker's lab in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. She is interested in the ecology and conservation of freshwater ecosystems, especially those in tropical regions. In particular, she studies how tropical freshwaters are affected by human impacts, such as flow modification, overharvesting, and species introductions, linking ecological and social research (e.g., biodiversity and ecosystem services). With support from the SBF, Marisol will investigate the impacts of hydropower development in a tropical river basin in Mexico and work towards designing a framework for its sustainable management. This research seeks to contribute to the conservation efforts of tropical rivers, which despite sustaining some of the highest levels of aquatic biodiversity are facing growing anthropogenic pressures.


    Jen Walsh (Cornell Lab of Ornithology)

    Jen Walsh

    Jen Walsh is a postdoctoral researcher in Irby Lovette's lab at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology. She is interested in utilizing genomic approaches to address questions relating to the evolution, behavior, and conservation of birds. Jen's research focuses on understanding the genomics of local adaptation of song sparrows spanning harsh ecological gradients and the development of genomics tools for incorporating museum specimens more broadly in avian research. With funding from the SBF, she will use museum specimens to establish pre-decline baselines of genomic diversity in six species of warblers. This work will help identify losses in genetic diversity over time and can help identify those populations most at risk of reduced capacity for adaptation in the face of environmental change.


  • 2019  

    Elliot Jackson

    Fourteen SBF recipients from Applied Economics and Management, Atmospheric Science, Development Sociology, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Entomology, Horticulture, Microbiology, Natural Resources, Plant Biology, and Soil and Crop Sciences

    Heath Cook (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)

    Heath Cook

    Heath is a Ph.D. student working with marine fishes in Willy Bemis’ lab in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. He is interested in marine biomonitoring and developing methods to overcome the ever-present difficulties in sampling biodiversity on the continental shelf, particularly in regions of the world with reduced marine research infrastructure and budgets. Using funding from SBF, he aims to investigate environmental DNA (eDNA) metabarcoding in marine systems as a tool for the detection of continental shelf biodiversity and species ranges. While still in their infancy in marine environments, the developing methods and technology associated with eDNA have the potential to revolutionize marine biomonitoring and provide major advances in the conservation of global fisheries and marine biodiversity hotspots.


    Stephanie Enloe (Development Sociology)

    Stephanie Enloe

    Stephanie Enloe is a PhD student in Dr. Rachel Bezner Kerr's lab in the Department of Development Sociology. Her work explores how farmer knowledge systems interact with multi-scalar political-ecological forces to generate differential usage of agroecological farming approaches. She is embedded in a transdisciplinary project in northern Malawi that draws on participatory methods to explore how agroecological systems impact arthropod and bird biodiversity. Stephanie is particularly interested in applied research wherein researchers and practitioners co-construct strategies to preserve biodiversity while bolstering farmer well-being.


    Maria Gannett (Horticulture)

    Maria Gannett

    Maria Gannett is a Ph.D. student in Horticulture, working with Dr. Jenny Kao-Kniffin and Dr. Toni DiTommaso. She is interested in how manipulating the soil chemical environment can alter plant competition and how the soil microbial community mediates this effect. With support from SBF she will explore the idea of improving competition of crops that form microbial symbiotic relationships by adding high carbon amendments to soil, which would immobilize nitrogen by stimulating soil microbial growth. Since many agricultural weeds are less competitive in soils with lower nitrogen availability, this idea has the potential to be used as a weed management tool. By beginning to tease apart the mechanisms of plant competition in low and high nitrogen environments she hopes to understand the situations where this technique is successful. Ultimately her goal is to expand and refine sustainable weed management techniques using ecological knowledge.


    Joshua Garcia (Horticulture)

    Joshua Garcia

    Joshua Garcia is a PhD student in the School of Integrative Plant Science working in Dr. Jenny Kao-Kniffin's lab. His research focuses on the effect of soil microorganisms on crop traits such as yield and nutrient use efficiency. Joshua's research is highly integrative and he utilizes research techniques from various disciplines including soil science, microbiology, and molecular biology. With SBF funding, Joshua is completing a project investigating how agroecosystem nitrogen dynamics may be improved through crop diversification. This work will help develop more sustainable agroecosystem management practices and yield insight into the links between biodiversity and ecosystem services.


    Mia Howard (Plant Biology)

    Mia Howard

    Mia Howard is a Plant Biology PhD candidate studying the chemical ecology of microbe-plant-insect interactions in André Kessler’s lab. She is interested in how soil microorganisms affect the ability of plants to defend themselves against insect herbivores. Her dissertation work has largely focused on the native plant, tall goldenrod, and its interactions with its local specialist herbivores, but with this new SBF grant, she plans to investigate a prospective agricultural application of this work. Working with an undergraduate research intern, she will assess the potential of using local soil microbial biodiversity to improve the pest resistance of crop plants. This project will contribute to a growing body of work examining soil microbiome manipulation as a tool for sustainably improving crop performance.


    Aaron Iverson (Entomology)

    Aaron Iverson

    Aaron Iverson is an agroecologist and postdoctoral associate in Scott McArt’s lab in the Department of Entomology. He is broadly interested in how agricultural systems and surrounding landscapes can conserve biodiversity, and how that biodiversity can have on-farm benefits, particularly through biological control and pollination. His SBF research, in collaboration with Heather Grab, will focus on determining the role of multiple stressors, including pesticides, pathogens, and habitat/resource loss, on bee communities on New York State farms. Although each of these stressors is known to negatively impact bees, determining their relative importance has been hampered by the difficulties of being able to rigorously assess multiple stressors simultaneously. This project will address this gap, providing new evidence for management practices or policy decisions that support pollinators and the farmers and consumers that depend on them.


    Elliot Jackson (Microbiology)

    Elliot Jackson

    Elliot Jackson is a Ph.D. candidate in Ian Hewson’s lab in the Department of Microbiology. His research aims to combine molecular virology, genomics, and bioinformatics to discover and understand virus-host interactions in non-model systems. He currently is studying densoviruses - single-stranded DNA viruses - that infect sea stars to understand the pathogenicity of these viruses and their association with a disease known as Sea Star Wasting Disease. Support from the SBF will goes towards new diagnostic tools that will him to study these viruses and their interactions with their host in new ways both in the laboratory and in the field.


    Aaron Koning (Natural Resources)

    Aaron Koning

    Aaron Koning is an Atkinson Sustainability Postdoctoral Fellow working with Peter McIntyre in the Department of Natural Resources, Robin Abell, Freshwater Lead at Conservation International, and Michele Thieme, Director of Freshwater Science at World Wildlife Fund. His research focuses on the potential for networks of small, community-based conservation reserves to both protect imperiled freshwater biodiversity and sustain critical inland fisheries in Southeast Asia. Funding from the SBF will enable Aaron to initiate a telemetry study of the movement of fish among conservation reserves to better understand the importance of connectivity for network-wide conservation success. Combined with ongoing community-based household harvest records, this movement data will enable development of better watershed-scale models of riverine reserves for sustainably protecting biodiversity and local livelihoods.


    Anna Lello-Smith (Natural Resources)

    Anna Lello-Smith

    Anna Lello-Smith is a PhD student in Amanda Rodewald’s lab in the department of Natural Resources. Her research focuses on understanding the value of regenerating pasture landscapes in Guatemala’s Maya Biosphere Reserve as habitat for resident and migratory bird species, particularly species of conservation concern. She is interested in using dynamic occupancy modeling to estimate persistence of species in different habitat types along a chronosequence of regenerating pastures and adjacent mature forest as a metric of habitat quality and stability throughout the annual cycle. With support from the SBF, Anna will investigate the relative importance of local versus landscape-scale land use change in driving avian habitat use, as well as explore the extent to which the age of regenerating pastures and rainfall seasonality interact to influence avian habitat use dynamics. She will use these relationships to forecast how habitat quality and use by different species may change with projected regional drying under climate change.


    Nicolas Lou (Natural Resources)

    Nicolas Lou

    Nicolas Lou is a Ph.D. student in Nina Therkildsen's lab in the Department of Natural Resources. He is broadly interested in the application of genomic tools in the conservation and management of biodiversity. Currently, he is working on the genomic basis of local adaptation in the Atlantic cod, as well as the molecular mechanisms underlying its rapid evolution in response to size-selective fishing and climate change. With these, he is hoping to identify potential causes of the collapse of many important cod fisheries. In addition, as a side project, he is developing practical molecular tools for the species and sex identification in non-model fish species, for the benefit of management agencies and the aquaculture industry.


    Uriel Menalled (Soil and Crop Sciences)

    Uriel Menalled

    Uriel Menalled is an MS/Ph.D. student who studies agroecology in the sustainable cropping systems lab. He is interested in elucidating the ecological mechanisms of crop-weed competition by linking crop yields to soil physiochemical properties. With SBF funding, he will study crop tolerance to weed pressure across a range of soils conditioned with different levels of cropping diversity. He will replicate this study in field soil and sterile greenhouse soil inoculated with the microbial communities of each field soil sample. Comparing weed-tolerance of field and inoculated soils will describe the implications of soil biota in establishing biodiversity-mediated crop-weed competition.


    Juana Munoz (Horticulture)

    Juana Munoz

    Juana Munoz Ucros is a PhD candidate in Horticulture, working in Taryn Bauerle's lab. She is studying how plants and microbes interact in the rhizosphere under drought stress, where there is potential for these interactions to improve plant growth. Specifically, she will evaluate how soil microbial communities respond to drought and tree species in a managed forest in Germany. Her research intends to better inform forest management practices to deal with climate change.


    Celina Scott-Buechler (Atmospheric Science)

    Celina Scott-Buechler

    Growing up in India, Mexico, Germany, and the US, Celina observed from a young age the effects of human-driven change to ecosystems and the climate. As she matured intellectually, Celina began to realize the inequity of these impacts and, thus, turn her attention to the environmental justice implications of climate action: addressing environmental challenges, namely climate change, in ways that precipitate socially equitable societies. Until recently, Celina was pursuing the study and conservation of coral reefs. Her professional/academic direction changed, however, when she served on the Cornell delegation at Conference of Parties (COP23), the UN’s annual environmental summit. Immersed in the COP, she realized the great need for macro-scale, cooperative climate action that not only reduced but in fact removed carbon from the atmosphere. Since, her research has focused on the ocean’s role in negative emissions, attempting to identify climate solutions that are ecologically and socially viable. Celina is continuing this research as an MS/PhD candidate, investigating several methods of carbon dioxide removal (ocean and terrestrial), their tradeoffs, and how they can provide economic opportunity. She is especially interested in how these approaches and technologies can co-produce sustainable sources of nutrition and minimize land and water use. One such solution is Algal Bioenergy Carbon Capture and Storage (ABECCS), which relies on the mass-production of algae for biofuel production. ABECCS shows promise to meet fuel needs of heavy shipping and aviation, for which no viable sustainable alternative exists, while producing high-protein feed—all without competing for arable land or fresh water.


    Steven Wilcox (Applied Economics and Management)

    Steven Wilcox

    Steven Wilcox is a Ph.D. candidate in Applied Economics and Management. His primary interests are in agriculture and natural resources in developing and developed countries, and particularly in the relationship between land-use decisions, welfare, and conservation. Before pursuing a Ph.D., Steven worked in conservation and natural resource management for over 12 years -- as a forester, habitat biologist, and agricultural advisor in the Western US, with stints in Latin America. SBF funding will support his research into the relationship between pollination input choices (e.g. wild vs. managed), the production of pollination dependent crops, and stocks of pollinators. This research seeks to empirically estimate a dynamic model of these relationships using farm-level data of apple production in NY and involves collaboration with the Dyson School and the Entomology Department.

  • 2018  

    Nicholas Fletcher

    Eleven SBF recipients from Biological and Environmental Engineering, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Anthropology, Entomology, and Plant Biology

    Kara Andres (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)

    Kara Andres

    Kara Andres is a Ph.D. student in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, working in the lab of David Lodge. She is interested in using modern tools to understand and predict the impacts of global environmental change on the biodiversity and ecological processes in freshwater ecosystems. With support from the SBF, Kara will use environmental DNA (eDNA) techniques to characterize fish diversity and distributions in the western Amazon Basin, and she will apply this method to examine the factors governing fish biodiversity. Using this research, she will improve our understanding of how rapid and efficient species detection can be applied to sustain biodiversity and ecosystem services in riverine ecosystems.


    Amy Cromartie (Anthropology)

    Amy Cromartie

    As an archaeologist and paleoecologist, Amy’s research investigates the impacts of climate and anthropogenic forces — such as agriculture, pastoralism, and deforestation — on plant biodiversity throughout the Holocene on the Tsaghkahovit Plain, Armenia, where humans have been practicing agriculture for almost 6,000 years. She evaluates how long-term interactions between humans, climate, and plant communities have shaped the plant biodiversity seen in this region today. Amy also looks at the social-political implications of biodiversity and ecological change on the human populations that lived in this area during the Bronze and Iron Ages (3500 BC – 300 BC).


    Kaitlin Deutsch (Entomology)

    Kaitlin Deutsch

    Kaitlin is a Ph.D. student in the Department of Entomology, working with Scott McArt. Her research is focused on pollinator disease ecology, particularly the role of non-bee insects in disease networks. With SBF funding, she will investigate the threat posed by honey bee viruses to hoverflies. While these diseases have been tied decisively to bee declines, little is known about their prevalence in, and effect on, non-bee insect pollinators. Determining whether these bee pathogens are able to infect non-bee floral visitors such as hoverflies is a vital first step in understanding the effects of pathogens on the broader pollinator community.


    Katherine Eisen (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)

    Katherine Eisen

    Kate Eisen is a Ph.D. candidate in Monica Geber’s lab in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. Her research explores how plants interact ecologically and evolutionarily where they share pollinators. She has been studying how pollinator sharing affects the distribution of species and the evolution of floral traits in four species of Clarkia, which are native annual wildflowers that co-occur in the southern Sierra Nevada foothills. Funding from the SBF will allow her to explore how complex floral phenotypes evolve in response to pollinator preferences by manipulating flower color, size, and orientation using 3D printing technology. This project will support our ability to conserve biodiversity in the future by generating new insights into how floral biodiversity evolved in the past.


    Nick Fletcher (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)

    Nick Fletcher

    Nick Fletcher is a Ph.D. candidate in Jeremy Searle's lab in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. He is broadly interested in addressing questions in evolutionary biology and conservation using genomic tools. Nick’s dissertation addresses how isolation during glacial cycles and on islands drive rapid evolution in the field vole (Microtus agrestis) species complex, but he is interested in applying conservation genomics techniques to a wide variety of taxa. He will use funding from the SBF to understand what factors drive genome-wide inbreeding depression during isolation in small island populations. He is particularly interested in whether population cycling, a common phenomenon in many taxa, can accelerate the effects of inbreeding. Identifying the factors that accelerate inbreeding depression will help identify which populations may be at risk in an increasingly fragmented world.


    Michael Fulcher (Plant Pathology)

    Michael Fulcher

    Mike Fulcher is a Ph.D. candidate in Plant Pathology working with Gary Bergstrom. He studies the population biology and ecology of fungal plant pathogens that impact food production, in particular those found in both agricultural and non-agricultural landscapes. His thesis focuses on a disease of wheat and the connection between pathogen populations from grain crops and wild grasses. Funding provided by the SBF is enabling a broader inquiry into the effect of different grass host communities on the diversity of fungi that inhabit them. This work has implications for land management decisions, like the expansion of agricultural production, and our understanding of their impact on biodiversity.


    Ellie Goud (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)

    Ellie Goud

    Ellie Goud is a Ph.D. candidate in Jed Sparks’ lab in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. Ellie is a plant physiological ecologist who explores the ecological and biogeochemical consequences of plant functional diversity. She is using a variety of tools during her Ph.D., including stable isotopes, gas exchange, plant anatomical measurements, and comparative phylogenetics to explore variation in plant metabolism and its role in structuring ecological communities. SBF funding will allow Ellie to test whether variation in water availability sustains plant metabolic diversity in a successional old field in Ithaca, N.Y.


    Benjamin Johnson (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)

    Benjamin Johnson

    Ben Johnson is a Ph.D. candidate in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, working in the labs of Jeremy Searle and Jed Sparks. His research combines evolutionary genetics and physiological ecology to understand the mechanisms that promote and constrain species' adaptations to different environments. He is currently studying the influence of genetics and morphology in shaping metabolic and water balance physiology of lungless salamanders. With SBF funding he will quantify the environmental dependence of energy assimilation efficiencies in multiple salamander species to inform distribution models that will help us understand patterns of species persistence under climate change. 


    James Knighton (Biological and Environmental Engineering)

    James Knighton

    James Knighton is a Ph.D. student interested in using stochastic approaches applied to physically-based hydrologic models to study a diverse range of environmental issues. James’ research is currently focused on reframing riverine flooding risk from an atmospheric perspective, determining how changes in plant composition can influence flooding risk, and describing unsaturated zone dynamics through simulation of stable water isotopes. James previously worked as a professional engineer studying coastal flood risks posed for U.S. nuclear facilities.


    Elizabeth Lombardi (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)

    Elizabeth Lombardi

    Elizabeth Lombardi-Lizzie is a Ph.D. candidate in Sunny Power’s lab in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. She studies plant-virus interactions across elevational and latitudinal clines with particular interest in understanding eco-evolutionary consequences of viral associations under changing climatic conditions. Support from the SBF will facilitate both exploratory and experimental field work across the native range of her focal host species, Boechera stricta. Results of her work will provide new insights into global plant virome diversity and the development of viral resistance as a quantitative trait.


    Cinnamon Mittan (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)

    Cinnamon Mittan

    Cinnamon Mittan is a Ph.D. candidate in Kelly Zamudio’s lab in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. She is interested in the dynamics of adaptation and evolution in invasive species, and uses Rhinella marina (the cane toad) as a model system. With a combination of fieldwork, experiments, and genomics, she studies how invasive toads in Florida have adapted to the “frigid” central Florida climate, the coldest place cane toads are found anywhere in their range. With funding from SBF, she will examine differences in gene expression between cold-tolerant and cold-intolerant toads during cold stress to further elucidate the genetic processes involved in this adaptation.

  • 2017  

    Olivia Graham

    Nine SBF recipients from Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Horticulture, Natural Resources, and Plant Biology

    Lina Arcila (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)

    Lina Arcila

    Lina Arcila Hernández is a PhD candidate in Anurag Agrawal’s lab in the department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.  Overall, her research focuses on understanding how plants and insect herbivores interact and the effect of those interactions in species diversity. She is currently working with experimental and genetic approaches to determine which eco-evolutionary processes maintain the differentiation of feeding and oviposition behaviors among populations of insect herbivores. The SBF funding will allow her to test the relative importance of behavioral phenotypes, geographic isolation, and environmental clines to the population genetic structure in milkweed stem weevils (Rhyssomatus spp.). Determining the relative importance of these factors for the maintenance of population differentiation is an important step for understanding the origin of biodiversity.


    Pepe Casis (Natural Resources)

    Pepe Casis

    Pepe Casis is a PhD student in the Department of Natural Resources, studying environmental policy under Steven Wolf. Pepe has been an environmental economist for more than thirteen years; however, his somewhat recent disenchantment with neoclassical economics has allowed him to expand his horizons on how to design and implement environmental projects. Thus, his research is now based on environmental governance, deliberative valuation methods, and collaborative policy design; combined with neoclassical environmental economic instruments (old habits die hard). He hopes that this combination will allow him to contribute to a more realistic and humane design of economic instruments for conservation. His research focuses on the design of an environmental governance instrument based on collaboration for the Sierra Norte in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico.


    David Chang van Oordt (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)

    David Chang van Oordt

    David Chang van Oordt is a PhD student in David Winkler's lab in the department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. His research focuses on the overlap of bird migration and disease ecology. He works on the effects of long distance movement on patterns of parasite diversity and evolution, and how do birds provide the means for parasite dispersal and population connectivity. He will use the SBF award to study the link between breeding and wintering site vector diversity on transmission of avian malaria in tree swallows. This will help understand the risk of infection across a bird's migratory route based on parasite diversity, vector abundance, and migratory timing. This is especially important in the face of climate change where we expect insect phenologies and distribution ranges to shift, and it can help predict future spread and dispersal of different strains of avian malaria.


    Olivia Graham (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)

    Olivia Graham

    Olivia Graham is a PhD student in Dr. Drew Harvell’s lab in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. A marine ecologist, she especially enjoys infectious disease research that has direct conservation and management applications. She currently studies the influence of environmental factors—particularly biodiversity—on the transmission, prevalence and severity of seagrass wasting disease (Labyrinthula zosterae) in eelgrass (Zostera marina). With funding from the SBF, she will use field and laboratory approaches to examine the role of eelgrass genetic diversity, bacteria, and potential invertebrate vectors in Z. marina disease dynamics. Seagrass wasting disease threatens the health of eelgrass beds worldwide, and can significantly compromise the valuable ecosystem services of eelgrass. Understanding how biodiversity and other environmental factors influence this disease is critical to effectively managing and protecting these key habitats.


    Mia Howard (Plant Biology)

    Mia Howard

    Mia Howard is a Plant Biology PhD student studying the chemical ecology of microbe-plant-insect interactions in André Kessler’s lab. She is studying how communities of bacteria and fungi in the soil affect the chemistry of a common native plant, tall goldenrod (/Solidago altissima/), and how these chemical changes might affect the plants’ attractiveness to insect herbivores. She is particularly interested in how microbial biodiversity in the soil might affect the diversity of goldenrod chemical phenotypes and its subsequent effects on the population’s resistance to insect attack.


    Tim Lambert (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)

    Tim Lambert

    Timothy Lambert is a PhD student in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, working with Stephen Ellner, Alex Flecker, and David Lodge. He is broadly interested in the ecology and conservation of fresh waters, with an emphasis on using quantitative models to take full advantage of the information captured by isotopic, genetic, and other modern techniques. SBF funding will allow Tim to study how barriers affect the movement, diet, and growth of fish in Adirondack streams. Fragmentation of streams and other natural habitats is a major threat to ecosystems worldwide; the larger goal of this work is to help determine when and how fragmentation causes loss of biodiversity and to identify management strategies that can sustain biodiversity in spite of these changes.


    Juana Munoz Ucros (Horticulture)

    Juana Munoz Ucros

    Juana Munoz Ucros is a PhD candidate in Horticulture, working in Taryn Bauerle's lab. She is studying how plants and microbes interact in the rhizosphere under drought stress, where there is potential for these interactions to improve plant growth. Specifically, she will investigate the effect that different genotypes of shrub willow have on selecting the rhizosphere microbial communities.


    Amelia Weiss (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)

    Amelia Weiss

    Amelia Weiss is a PhD student in Alex Flecker’s lab in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology studying the resource dynamics associated with biodiversity hotspots. She focuses on the consequences of resource subsidies, which are nutrients or energy that move between ecosystems. Her research examines how subsidies drive patterns in crustacean diversity in tropical, aquatic caves. Support from the SBF is allowing Amelia to conduct population surveys and nutrient analyses along a resource gradient in Mexican caves to examine how community composition changes under different nutrient conditions. Her aim is to understand the resource dynamics supporting these unusual hotspots of endemic biodiversity. 


    Marie Zwetsloot (Horticulture)

    Marie Zwetsloot

    Marie Zwetsloot is a PhD student in Taryn Bauerle’s lab in the department of Horticulture. She is interested in the role of root-soil interactions in determining ecosystem services of both natural and managed ecosystems. Her dissertation research focuses on root growth dynamics and rhizosphere interactions of temperate forest tree species under global change. The SBF grant will help her study phenolic root exudate diversity among tree species and how this may influence soil carbon and nutrient cycling in forest ecosystems.

  • 2016  

    Rachel Abbott

    Nine SBF recipients from Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Entomology, and Natural Resources

  • 2015  

    Rachel Abbott

    Seven SBF recipients from Animal Health Diagnostic Center, Anthropology, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, Natural Resources, and Shoals Marine Lab

  • 2014  

    Chuan Liao

    Nine SBF recipients from Crop and Soil Sciences, Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, Entomology, and Natural Resources

  • 2013  

    Ana Longo

    Seven SBF recipients from (Applied Economics and Management), (Biological and Environmental Engineering), Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, and Natural Resources

  • 2012  

    Renee Petipas

    Nine SBF recipients from Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, Entomology, and Plant Pathology

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