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Two decades after the International Conference on Human Rights in Vienna declared “Women’s rights are human rights,” Cornell law professor Muna Ndulo looks at gains and persistent failures in gender equality around the world 

Women’s Rights, Human Rights

April 2, 2015

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Two decades after the International Conference on Human Rights in Vienna declared “Women’s rights are human rights,” Cornell law professor Muna Ndulo looks at gains and persistent failures in gender equality around the world in an article for UN–Habitat.

Globalization, urbanization, and climate change have complicated the challenges facing women, despite advances in women’s status in social, economic, political, and civil life in many countries. Ndulo writes:

New threats such as the trafficking of women, climate change–induced migration, and landlessness have emerged, and old problems such as violence against women have intensified and become more pervasive. . . . There may arguably be more women in leadership positions, but this does not necessarily translate into gender equality or equal, active participation in decision-making.

“The goal should always be to ensure that women play a pivotal role in the management of their own affairs,” he concludes. “Equality is ultimately a principle of human dignity for both men and women.”

Read more on the UN–Habitat website.