2014: Biofuel Surrogates for Transportation Fuels
The United States, the world’s largest consumer of liquid fuels, burned through 18 million barrels of petroleum-based jet, gasoline, and diesel fuels each day in 2013. Biofuel substitutes could reduce oil use and greenhouse gas emissions, but the composition of current liquid biofuels is too varied to recreate the engine performance and efficiency of fossil transportation fuels. This team will develop biofuel surrogates—blends of a handful of chemical compounds—designed to match the properties of two high-value fossil fuels. The biojet and biodiesel surrogates will capture the performance of the original fuels, a critical stepping-stone to broader adoption of liquid biofuels.